The General Assembly of the United Nations, in its Resolution 70/1 Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (September 2015), established that the 17 goals and 169 targets of the Agenda would be monitored using a set of global indicators.
At its forty-seventh session, the Statistical Commission of the United Nations agreed a list of 230 indicators, subsequently revised up to 232 indicators, which were finally adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in July 2017 (Resolution 71/313) and that constitutes the framework of the global indicators of the 2030 Agenda. You can check the Spanish version of the indicators.
The indicators are classified into three levels, according to their methodological development and the availability of data:
- Tier I: the methodology and standards are available and data are regularly produced by countries.
- Tier II: the methodology and standards are available but data are not regularly produced by countries.
- Tier III: no established methodology or standards are available.
The indicators tier classification is reviewed regularly. The updated tier classifications are available in:
Given that the methodology for Tier III indicators is still under development, national statistical systems will not be required to provide data for these indicators until the methodology and collection mechanism have been defined.
The United Nations has created a Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) knowledge platform.
The National Statistical System and the coordinating role of the INE
The United Nations General Assembly, in its resolution 71/313, highlights that statistics and official data of national statistical systems are the necessary basis for the global indicators framework. It recommends that national statistical systems study ways to integrate new data sources in their systems to meet the emerging needs for data of the 2030 Agenda for the Sustainable Development, as appropriate. It also emphasises the role of the national statistical offices as coordinators of the national statistical system.
In addition, the 2018 Annual Programme of the 2017-2020 National Statistical Plan establishes that the INE is in charge of the general coordination of the services of the State Administration or any other entities dependent on it, responsible for the production of the Indicators of the 2030 Agenda for the Sustainable Development. The statistical product included in this Programme called Indicators for the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development aims to provide a framework of statistical indicators that will serve for the follow-up at national level of the Goals and Targets of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development of the United Nations, as decribed in methodological note and the Standardised Methodological Report. The producers of each of the indicators elaborate them according to the methodology and quality criteria corresponding to the statistical product from which they are obtained.
Many of the indicators can be obtained from statistics under production, although some of them may require modifications to comply with them, especially to produce some type of disaggregation not included at the national level. In other cases, to undertake new statistics will be necessary since there is no previous statistical information on the subjects of some of the established indicators.
One of the main works, related to the indicators, carried out by the different units of the National Statistical System, has been the preparation of the Statistical Annex for the Voluntary National Review (VNR). The INE and the rest of the statistical services have faced the challenge of providing, in very short terms, information on the global indicators for the Statistical Annex of the VNR, that Spain presented at the High Level Political Forum of the United Nations in July 2018. https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/memberstates/spain
European Union and Eurostat
To monitor the progress made towards the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals in the context of the European Union, a set of 100 indicators has been established, uniformly distributed among the 17 Goals. It must be pointed out that these indicators have been selected so that they are already available for being used.
Other international initiatives regarding the SDGs