The statistics of Magistrates' Courts provides results of the judicial activity of the Magistrates' Courts in the Civil and Criminal areas, excluding the possible activity linked to the functions of the Civil Registry.
It consists in one statistic whose source of information are the Magistrates' Courts own and it collects all underlying work load over the reference year.
Main characteristics of researched legal activities On the Civil area, the movement of issues incurred in the year (admitted and decided cases) as well as the typology of matters resolved (oral proceedings, civil judicial assistance, acts of conciliation and other matters) are studied. In criminal area, the movement of matters incurred (admitted and decided cases) and the typology of the resolved cases (criminal judicial assistancel and other matters) are studied.
The statistic covers all civil and criminal cases have been subjected to the activity of the Magistrates Court, during the reference year.
Civil and criminal matters in Magistrates' Courts.
The population studied in the statistic are civil and criminal matters of all Spanis Magistrates' Courts during the reference period
From a geographical point of view, the statistics cover the entire national territory, except Ceuta and Melilla, as there is not magistrates courts both self-governing cities.
In every table is provided national, autonomous and provincial information.
There are results available on the INE website from the year 1998.
A base period does not exist in this statistic, but since reference year 2007 the results are comparable
Number of matters, both civil or penal and admitted or settled.
These statistics have an annual frequency. Data related to civil matters and criminal cases have been recorded in the Magistrates' Courts during the reference calendar year.
Data referred to the period: Anual A: 2018
The compilation and dissemination of the data are governed by the Statistical Law No. 12/1989 "Public Statistical Function" of May 9, 1989, and Law No. 4/1990 of June 29 on “National Budget of State for the year 1990" amended by Law No. 13/1996 "Fiscal, administrative and social measures" of December 30, 1996, makes compulsory all statistics included in the National Statistics Plan. The National Statistical Plan 2009-2012 was approved by the Royal Decree 1663/2008. It contains the statistics that must be developed in the four year period by the State General Administration's services or any other entity dependent on it. All statistics included in the National Statistics Plan are statistics for state purposes and are obligatory. The National Statistics Plan 2017-2020, approved by Royal Decree 410/2016, of 31 October, is the Plan currently implemented. This statistical operation has governmental purposes, and it is included in the National Statistics Plan 2017-2020. (Statistics of the State Administration).
This statistical operation is carried out in collaboration with the General Council of the Judiciary under the agreement signed between the National Institute of Statistics and that institution on 14 February 1995, and later addendums.
The results of the Magistrates' Courts Statistics are released every year.
All the information related to the Magistrates' Courts Statistics is published in the INE website:
INEbase is the system the INE uses to store statistical information on the Internet. It contains all the information the INE produces in electronic formats. The primary organisation of the information follows the theme-based classification of the Inventory of Statistical Operations of the State General Administration . The basic unit of INEbase is the statistical operation, defined as the set of activities that lead to obtaining statistical results on a determined sector or subject based on the individually collected data. Also included in the scope of this definition are synthesis preparation.
Results are available on the INE website
The publication is divided into 2 blocks: Civil and Criminal Matters Each block offers results bu Autonomous Community and Province
No microdata files are available to users.
There is the possibility of requesting customised information from the INE Customer Service Area. For further information check the following link: https://www.ine.es/en/ss/Satellite?L=1&c=Page&cid=1254735550786&p=1254735550786&pagename=ProductosYServicios%2FPYSLayout&rendermode=previewnoinsitem
The methodology is available on the INE website:
Likewise, this standardised methodological report constitutes a detailed source of information on several of the methodological aspects of the statistics.
Metadata completeness - rate AC3= 100%
Sections 10.6 to 17 of this standardized methodological report contain the different quality aspects associated with these statistics.
Quality assurance framework for the INE statistics is based on the ESSCoP, the European Statistics Code of Practice made by EUROSTAT. The ESSCoP is made up of 16 principles, gathered in three areas: Institutional Environment, Processes and Products. Each principle is associated with some indicators which make possible to measure it. In order to evaluate quality, EUROSTAT provides different tools: the indicators mentioned above, Self-assessment based on the DESAP model, peer review, user satisfaction surveys and other proceedings for evaluation.
In order to guarantee the reliability of the statistics, the possible coverage and content errors that could affect the quality of the information are detected and analysed during the annual processing of the statistics.
The legal basis on which the statistic is constituted, the obligation to inform the INE entire workload of the Magistrates' Courts with regard to criminal and civil proceedings and internal controls automated computer application designed for the collection of information, help ensure the completeness, coverage and quality of its contents. Nevertheless, checks and annual comparisons are carried out in order to assess its quality lead and, where appropriate, improving available information.
The statistic has a very low rate of non-response, 1.6%. The automated controls built into the electronic questionnaire web have contributed to significantly increase the timely, accurate, complete it facilitated and enabled the consistency of the information recorded.
The statistic reveals the activity developed by the Magistrates' Courts and it covers all information needs in this subject.
The main users of these statistics are :
- Ministries and other public bodies. (Ministry of Justice and General Council of the Judiciary Branch)
- Researchers and Universities (Faculties and Departments of Law and Social Sciences).
- Territorial administrations (Autonomous Communities, municipal councils...)
- Companies and non-profit institutions. (in particular those related to municipal councils).
The INE has carried out general user satisfaction surveys in 2007, 2010, 2013 and 2016 and it plans to continue doing so every three years. The purpose of these surveys is to find out what users think about the quality of the information of the INE statistics and the extent to which their needs of information are covered. In addition, additional surveys are carried out in order to acknowledge better other fields such as dissemination of the information, quality of some publications...
On the INE website, in its section Methods and Projects / Quality and Code of Practice / INE quality management / User surveys are available surveys conducted to date.(Click next link)
In the User Satisfaction Survey conducted in 2013, which can be consulted on the website of INE in the category of: 03 Methods and Projects-> Quality and code of good practices,> INE Quality Management> 2.2.Surveys to users-> 1) Survey on user satisfaction 2013 (ESU2013), you can see the valuation of the sector "society "which is framed in this statistical operation, which can orient to the opinion of users on it.
When drawing up the plan of exploitation, the specific needs of users of statistics of the Magistrates' Courts have been considered, trying to collect all existing typology in the civil and criminal areas of the workload of the Magistrates' Courts.
Even if no european regulations, the Magistrates' Courts Statistics supply requested information in the National Statistical Plan.
Therefore, the Data completeness - rate R1= 100%
These statistics are exhaustive, therefore there are no sampling errors. With respect to non-sampling errors, the necessary studies and controls are carried out in order to assess them and restrict their magnitude.
This concept is not applicable for it is an exhaustive research.
Sampling error - indicators A1= Not applicable.
During information processing, non-sampling errors (non response, errors of completion, etc.) are detected and restricted where possible. In any case, the fact that it is compulsory for Courts to notify the INE the information regarding civil and criminal matters implies an additional guarantee of the authenticity and integrity of the data provided. The electronic questionnaire web allows a significant reduction of errors in recording and enables the consistency of the information (consistency of totals and disaggregated).
Over-coverage - rate A2= 0%
Common units - proportion A3= Not applicable
Unit non-response - rate A4= 1.40%
Item non-response - rate A5= Not applicable
Imputation - rate A7= 0%
The results of the statistics are published after 4 months when the reference period of the information has finalised.
Time lag - first results TP1= Not applicable
Time lag - final resultsn TP2= 4m
The dissemination of the results is carried out in accordance with the structural statistics availability calendar that the INE compiles and publishes each year.
Punctuality - delivery and publication TP3= The calendar is fulfilled
The availability of a methodology, a registration source of information and a common processing in the entire geographical scope, guarantees comparability of results between the different Autonomous Communities.
The comparability with other countries of the European Union poses difficulties, as the judicial organizational structure is different in each country.
The statistic is comparable since year 2007. The comparable number of years in the time series is 11 years. All variables published since 2007 are comparable.
Length of comparable time series CC2= 12
This statistical information is consistent with population data.
The internal coherence of the statistics is a consequence of the application of a set of methodological criteria and a detailed analysis of the possible inconsistencies existing among its different variables.
The estimation of the budgetary credit necessary to finance these statistics, as set out in the 2019 Annual Programme, comes to a total of 71.78 thousand euros
The citizen is not asked for information but to another institution of the administration, so it is considered that there is no burden on the informant.
The INE of Spain has a policy which regulates the basic aspects of statistical data revision, seeking to ensure process transparency and product quality. This policy is laid out in the document approved by the INE board of directors on 13 March of 2015, which is available on the INE website, in the section "Methods and projects/Quality and Code of Practice/INE’s Quality management/INE’s Revision policy" (link).
This general policy sets the criteria that the different type of revisions should follow: routine revision- it is the case of statistics whose production process includes regular revisions-; more extensive revision- when methodological or basic reference source changes take place-; and exceptional revision- for instance, when an error appears in a published statistic-.
The disseminated results on these statistics are final.
Not applicable data review in practice, since there is no progress nor interim results.
Average revision rate A6-MAR= Not applicable
Average revision rate A6-RMAR= Not applicable
The source data of these statistics are obtained from the information provided by the Magistrates' Courts about their activity (civil and criminal matters).
Data is obtained annually, from the reference year. The file with the recorded information is downloaded from the web application of Magistrates' Courts in the first half of calendar year, in t+1.
For the data collection, the INE has designed a software application web. Magistrates' Courts can complete the questionnaire with this application, using a paper questionnaire or by email.
The online electronic questionnaire includes automatic filtering controls in order to avoid potential inconsistencies.
Once the record file is downloaded, a control process is carried out to ascertain the coverage of the information and its contents are analysed, with the objective of detecting possible inconsistencies.
Once validity of the received file is verified, its coverage is analysed, and the potential inconsistencias and other content errors are investigated, we obtain the first result tables. Before its dissemination, we analyse the aggregate information in order to detect potential errors or inconsistenciest that had not been corrected in previous stages.
No adjustment is made.