The main objective of the research is the study of the different characteristics of the centres for the care of the homeless, both of a general nature, such as the services offered, the population served and their orientation, as well as other characteristics related to economic and operational aspects, such as sources of funding, human and financial resources and periods of habitual activity, as well as capacity and occupation.
All the centres in the directory carried out by the INE in collaboration with the Ministry of Health, Consumer Affairs and Social Welfare through the corresponding councils of all the Autonomous Communities are comprehensively researched with reference to 30 June 2018. The Basque Institute of Statistics (EUSTAT) collaborates in the implementation of the Survey in the territorial scope of the Autonomous Community of País Vasco.
The different services (accommodation, catering, training and assistance) that the centres can offer to the homeless are studied.
It is studied if there is a priority orientation of the centres towards any specific situation that affects the homeless person as well as if there is specialisation in attention according to sex. In particular, the proportion of foreign population served is investigated. The means access to the centre are also analysed.
FUNDING SOURCES, HUMAN AND FINANCIAL RESOURCES
It studies the structure of its sources of funding, the annual expenditure of the centre and its human resources, both from the point of view of the contractual relationship and from the functional point of view.
CHARACTERISTICS OF THE CENTRES
For all centres, the availability of the security service is considered, as well as the ownership of the service provider.
For centres that offer accommodation, catering and/or daytime activities, consideration is given to their opening period, timetable, capacity and occupation, as well as the specific characteristics of the service provided.
For those centres that carry out street intervention activities, it is analysed the period of activity, the interventions carried out and the number and characteristics of the vehicles at their disposal.
List of Autonomous Communities and Cities
All the centres in the directory carried out by the INE in collaboration with the Ministry of Health, Consumer Affairs and Social Welfare through the corresponding councils of all the Autonomous Communities are comprehensively researched with reference to 30 June 2018. The Basque Institute of Statistics (EUSTAT) collaborates in the implementation of the Survey in the territorial scope of the Autonomous Community of País Vasco
Centres and services to support for homeless persons
All centres and services for the care of the homeless in accordance with the directory updated as at 30 June of the reference year of the survey
The required data will have as reference period the year 2018.
The first year in which the survey is carried out is 2003.
Number of centres, number of persons, euros, %.
Data refer to the year 2018.
For the number of available and occupied places the reference days are:
- Summer period: 15 June 2018.
- Winter period: 14 December 2018.
For the personnel working in the centre, the reference date is 14 December 2018.
Data referring to the period: SSCHP-2018
The compilation and dissemination of the data are governed by the Statistical Law No. 12/1989 "Public Statistical Function" of May 9, 1989, and Law No. 4/1990 of June 29 on “National Budget of State for the year 1990" amended by Law No. 13/1996 "Fiscal, administrative and social measures" of December 30, 1996, makes compulsory all statistics included in the National Statistics Plan. The National Statistical Plan 2009-2012 was approved by the Royal Decree 1663/2008. It contains the statistics that must be developed in the four year period by the State General Administration's services or any other entity dependent on it. All statistics included in the National Statistics Plan are statistics for state purposes and are obligatory. The National Statistics Plan 2017-2020, approved by Royal Decree 410/2016, of 31 October, is the Plan currently implemented. This statistical operation has governmental purposes, and it is included in the National Statistics Plan 2017-2020. (Statistics of the State Administration).
The Survey on Centres and Services to Support for Homeless Persons (SSCHP) 2018 has been carried out by the National Statistics Institute (INE). The Basque Institute of Statistics (EUSTAT) has collaborated in the conduction of the Survey in the territorial scope of the Autonomous Community of País Vasco by virtue of the collaboration agreement established for the elaboration of this survey.
In this survey the microdata file is not disseminated due to statistical confidentiality.
This survey is carried out on a biennial basis, so the data are disseminated every two years.
INEbase is the system the INE uses to store statistical information on the Internet. It contains all the information the INE produces in electronic formats. The primary organisation of the information follows the theme-based classification of the Inventory of Statistical Operations of the State General Administration . The basic unit of INEbase is the statistical operation, defined as the set of activities that lead to obtaining statistical results on a determined sector or subject based on the individually collected data. Also included in the scope of this definition are synthesis preparation.
You can consult all the information of the survey in the section INEbase/Standard and life conditions (CPI)/Living conditions; or accessing directly through the following link:
Due to statistical confidentiality, the microdata of this Survey are not disseminated on the web.
There is the possibility of requesting customised information from the INE User Service Area.
Information on methodology can be found at:
Fields 10.6 to 17.2 of this document are the user-oriented quality report for this operation.
Information on quality can be found at: https://www.ine.es/dyngs/INEbase/en/operacion.htm?c=Estadistica_C&cid=1254736176925&menu=metodologia&idp=1254735976608
Quality assurance framework for the INE statistics is based on the ESSCoP, the European Statistics Code of Practice made by EUROSTAT. The ESSCoP is made up of 16 principles, gathered in three areas: Institutional Environment, Processes and Products. Each principle is associated with some indicators which make possible to measure it. In order to evaluate quality, EUROSTAT provides different tools: the indicators mentioned above, Self-assessment based on the DESAP model, peer review, user satisfaction surveys and other proceedings for evaluation.
A series of measures have been implemented that contribute to guaranteeing the quality of the process and the results. These include the following:
- Both the questionnaire and the definitions are agreed in a working group with the participation of experts.
- Data collection through a CAWI application with implementation of errors and warnings of incompatibility or inconsistency between the responses of the survey in order to perform a first cleaning.
- Cleaning and imputation after the collection of information.
According to the measures implemented in the process of collection and cleaning of results described in the previous section, the strengths of the survey are:
- Data collection through the CAWI questionnaire, which allows to add certain controls in the application to improve the quality of the information.
- It is a comprehensive collection, thus eliminating sampling errors. The non-response rate is 22.2%.
Among the users of the survey, are:
- Ministry of Health, Consumer Affairs and Social Welfare
- Territorial administrations (AACC)
- Researchers and universities
- Press and specialised media
The INE has carried out general user satisfaction surveys in 2007, 2010, 2013 and 2016 and it plans to continue doing so every three years. The purpose of these surveys is to find out what users think about the quality of the information of the INE statistics and the extent to which their needs of information are covered. In addition, additional surveys are carried out in order to acknowledge better other fields such as dissemination of the information, quality of some publications...
On the INE website, in its section Methods and Projects / Quality and Code of Practice / INE quality management / User surveys are available surveys conducted to date.(Click next link)
We provide 100% of the indicators required in the national Statistical plan, which are: services provided, population served, sources of funding, human and financial resources, characteristics of the centres, ownership, size of the municipality of location, collective accommodation centres, centres that provide catering, centres that provide occupational or educational services, street intervention services.
Two of the main sources of error in a survey are sampling errors and non-response. In the case of this survey, the sampling error does not exist and the response rate was 77.8%.
This implies that the sources of error are: on the one hand a non-response of 22.2%, and on the other hand the quality of the data provided by the respondents. This quality is checked by the usual means (cleaning, controls in the recording application, etc.).
The survey is addressed to all the centres included in the directories provided by the Ministry of Health, Consumer Affairs and Social Welfare through the corresponding councils of the Autonomous Communities. As it is a comprehensive operation, there are no sampling errors.
The main source of non-sampling error is due to the lack of response of the centres, which is 22.2%. Note that there is no calibration in this statistical operation.
In order to improve the quality of the information, a CAWI application has been implemented that makes a first and superficial control of the consistency. Subsequently, the information is subjected to a cleaning and imputation process.
The survey is published nine months after the reference date, and four months after the end of collection.
The survey is published in September, complying with the INE publications calendar.
The processing of this statistic in all its phases is the same for the entire country. In this way, the results are perfectly comparable for any geographical disaggregation.
There is no mandatory European survey and therefore no international comparability is possible.
The Survey on Centres and Services to Support for Homeless Persons was carried out for the first time in 2003. The next year studied and published was 2006. From this moment on, the periodicity has been biennial. All these studies form a series of eight years, which are comparable over time.
It is unknown the existence of sources of information other than the survey on this subject with which information can be crossed.
The consistency between the variables is contrasted in the different phases of the statistical process
The estimated budget appropriation needed to finance this statistic foreseen in the 2018 and 2019 annual programmes amounts to a total of EUR 119.64 thousand.
The INE of Spain has a policy which regulates the basic aspects of statistical data revision, seeking to ensure process transparency and product quality. This policy is laid out in the document approved by the INE board of directors on 13 March of 2015, which is available on the INE website, in the section "Methods and projects/Quality and Code of Practice/INE’s Quality management/INE’s Revision policy" (link).
This general policy sets the criteria that the different type of revisions should follow: routine revision- it is the case of statistics whose production process includes regular revisions-; more extensive revision- when methodological or basic reference source changes take place-; and exceptional revision- for instance, when an error appears in a published statistic-.
There is no revision of data.
The data are published when they are final and are not subject to revision.
All the centres of the directory carried out by the INE in collaboration with the Ministry of Health, Consumer Affairs and Social Welfare through the corresponding councils of all the Autonomous Communities have been comprehensively researched. The Basque Institute of Statistics (EUSTAT) has collaborated in the carrying out of the Survey in the territorial scope of the Autonomous Community of País Vasco.
The data are obtained from a single questionnaire with four possible secondary flows, depending on whether the centre provides accommodation, catering, occupational or educational activities and/or street intervention activities.
The survey is carried out in odd-numbered years, with reference to the previous even-numbered year. The collection period, therefore, is biennial.
The collection of information is carried out through a web questionnaire (CAWI) in a centralised manner by the INE, except in País Vasco, where the Basque Statistics Institute (EUSTAT) is in charge of data collection, under a collaboration agreement with the INE.
In addition to the CAWI collection, both telephone and e-mail support is provided.
During the completion of the electronic questionnaire (IRIA), a cleaning system is used in the data entry that detects errors and inconsistencies. Then a second cleaning is applied in which a manual correction is carried out of the errors detected in the main variables and an automatic cleaning of the rest of the variables.
During the micro-cleaning process, the detection and cleaning of errors and inconsistencies in the identification variables of each record is carried out, as well as the cleaning and imputation of content errors.
No adjustment is made.