Instituto Nacional de Estadística

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Harmonized Business Demographics. Year 2017

3,580,773 enterprises were active in Spain in 2017, 0.5% more tan the last year. 336,000 enterprises were created in 2017 whereas 284,614 disappeared, meaning a growth net rate of 1.4%.

Stock, births and death of companies by economic sector - Year 2017
Indicator Note Stock of companies Births rate (%) Deaths rate (%)
Total sectors 3,580,773 9.4 7.9
Industry 220,087 5.4 5.5
Construction 455,101 9.3 8.0
Commerce 828,906 8.5 9.0
Rest of services 2,076,679 10.2 7.8
Latest data
Year 2017 Published: 20/11/2019
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The Harmonised Business Demography aim at providing aggregate information regarding the population of companies established in the national territory, considering aspects linked to business dynamism, and applying a methodology agreed on within the scope of the European Union. This methodology enables the development of indicators regarding the stock, creation, closure and survival of companies, through harmonised statistical mining of the Company Directories managed in Statistics Offices.