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Statistics about R&D activities. Year 2020

Internal R&D expenditure increased by 1.3% in 2020 and reached 15,768 million euros, 1.41% of GDP.

Expenditure and employment in Internal R&D activities - Year 2020
Indicator Note Value Variation
Internal R&D expenditure 1 15,768,133 1.3
Employed personnel Total 2 231,769 0.2
Employed personnel Women 2 94,386 0.4
Researchers. Total 2 145,372 1.0
Researchers. Women 2 58,004 1.1
  • Variation: percentage compared to the previous year
    • Thousands of euros
    • People on a full-time equivalent
Latest data
Year 2020 Published: 24/11/2021
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The Statistic on scientific research and technological development (R&D) activities has the main objective of measuring economic and human resources for research by all the economic sectors of the country (companies, public institutions, higher education institutions and private non-profit institutions) with the aim to:

  • To provide an instrument for management, planning, decision-making and control in terms of national scientific policy.
  • To provide statistical bodies with the information that they request, obtained in accordance with the international regulations that allow for comparability between the different countries.