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Population Projections. Years 2024-2074

If current demographic trends were maintained, Spain would gain more than five million inhabitants in the next 15 years and almost six million by 2074. The percentage of the population aged 65 and over, which currently stands at 20.4% of the total, would reach a maximum of 30.5% around 2055.

Población y fenómenos demográficos proyectados
Indicador Nota Año 2024 Año 2038/2039 Año 2073/2074
Población residente a 1 de enero 1 48.610.458 53.747.905 54.588.195
Saldo vegetativo 2 -132.604 -129.620 -282.980
Saldo migratorio 2 787.195 280.000 299.000
  • 1 Los datos proyectados se refieren a 2039 y 2074
  • 2 Los datos proyectados se refieren a 2038 y 2073
Latest data
2024-2074 Published: 24/06/2024

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The Population projections provide a simulation of the population that would reside in Spain in the next years, broken down according to basic demographic characteristics, on the basis of the population estimate at 1 January of the current year. They meet the need for a current outlook of the possible future demographic reality which is updated to the most recent demographic evolution. In particular, the object is to simulate the effects of the demographic structure and the current demographic tendencies on the future population.

This information is provided every 2 years with a 50-year projected horizon for the national total and 15 years for Autonomous Communities and provinces, following basic demographic characteristics.

As from 2018, a collection of projected basic demographic indicators (birth, fertility, mortality, migration and growth indicators and structure of the resident population in the country) is incorporated, summarising the future evolution of demographic phenomena in Spain in the event that current demographic trends are maintained.