Metadata Sub-indicator Places important for mountain biodiversity that are covered by protected areas, farmland

Goal 15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
Target 15.4. By 2030, ensure the conservation of mountain ecosystems, including their biodiversity, in order to enhance their capacity to provide benefits that are essential for sustainable development
Indicator 15.4.1. Coverage by protected areas of important sites for mountain biodiversity
Sub-indicator Places important for mountain biodiversity that are covered by protected areas, farmland
Type of indicator (global, European, national)
  • Global
  • National
This indicator shows the trend in the percentage of agricultural land included in protected mountain areas.
Calculation method

Mountain areas are determined on the basis of the digital land model 1:25,000 IGN according to the UNEP-WCMC criteria described in Kapos et al. 2000. Soil occupation is determined on the basis of the UNFCCC classification incorporated into the Forest Map of Spain, which identifies the crop group. All this information is combined with the digital mapping of the protected areas included in the Spanish Inventory of Natural Heritage and Biodiversity (Protected Natural Spaces, Natura Network 2000 or Areas protected by international instruments).

Unit of measure
Trienal Base 2003
Disaggregated data(Gender, age, region in Spain, other)
Type of ecosystem
Tier I
Come from National Statistics Plan (YES/NO)
Statistical operation
Espacios Naturales o de Interés (Código IOE: 23031)
Date of the last metadata update
Link to United Nations metadata
Custody agency

Data related to December This sheet reflects the current methodology of calculating the indicator.This indicator is under review and its methodology will be modified in the next update of the data.Disaggregation by autonomous community may not be compatible with disaggregation by type of ecosystem, so it might be convenient to do so only for the total of ecosystems, in a new subindicator.