The main objective of these statistics is to show the situation of the information and communications technologies sector, from the supply perspective, rather than the use perspective.
Given that these are synthesis statistics, they are not compiled using questionnaires designed to collected the information contained in the tables published, but rather, they arise from the collection of information from other previously-performed statistical operations. Due to the level of detail to which the ICT branches of activities and products are defined, it is not possible to obtain representative results at the desired breakdown level for all of the statistical sources consulted. As of the information collected, global value tables of the ICT Sector of the following variables are published:
This synthesis statistical operation gathers information on companies whose main activity is under one of the following headings (CNAE-2009):
A. ICT manufacturing industries:
B. ICT trade industries:
C. ICT services industries:
1. CNAE 5821, 5829. Publishing of computer programs
2. CNAE 6110, 6120, 6130, 6190. Telecommunications
3. CNAE 6201,6202, 6203, 6209. Consultancy programming and other IT-related activities
4. CNAE 6311, 6312. Websites, data processing, hosting and related activities
5. CNAE 9511, 9512. Repair of computers and communications equipment
All national companies with a main activity included in one of those reflected in section 3.3.
The entire national territory (country). There is no breakdown by region or Autonomous Community.
The information that these synthesis statistics offers is available from 2005 onwards. The operation is performed annually.
There are several units of measure:
- The economic Indicators are in thousands of euros except the wage Cost that is in euros and the value of the production, the imports, the exports and the commercial balance that are in millions of euros.
- Number of enterprises
- % of enterprises
- Number of persons employed
The reference period is that which corresponds to the two periods prior to the publication period of the results.
Data referred to the period: Anual A: 2017
The compilation and dissemination of the data are governed by the Statistical Law No. 12/1989 "Public Statistical Function" of May 9, 1989, and Law No. 4/1990 of June 29 on “National Budget of State for the year 1990" amended by Law No. 13/1996 "Fiscal, administrative and social measures" of December 30, 1996, makes compulsory all statistics included in the National Statistics Plan. The National Statistical Plan 2009-2012 was approved by the Royal Decree 1663/2008. It contains the statistics that must be developed in the four year period by the State General Administration's services or any other entity dependent on it. All statistics included in the National Statistics Plan are statistics for state purposes and are obligatory. The National Statistics Plan 2017-2020, approved by Royal Decree 410/2016, of 31 October, is the Plan currently implemented. This statistical operation has governmental purposes, and it is included in the National Statistics Plan 2017-2020. (Statistics of the State Administration).
The information from that Statistical Operation is disseminated annually.
The results of the statistical operation are disseminated via press release, published on the INE website, together with the detailed results, in https://www.ine.es/dyngs/INEbase/en/operacion.htm?c=Estadistica_C&cid=1254736176742&menu=ultiDatos&idp=1254735576692
Some results are also included in general INE publications, such as the Statistical Yearbook (https://www.ine.es/en/prodyser/pubweb/anuarios_mnu_en.htm), INE Figures (https://www.ine.es/ss/Satellite?L=1&c=Page&cid=1254735116567&p=1254735116567&pagename=ProductosYServicios%2FPYSLayout), etc.
INEbase is the system the INE uses to store statistical information on the Internet. It contains all the information the INE produces in electronic formats. The primary organisation of the information follows the theme-based classification of the Inventory of Statistical Operations of the State General Administration . The basic unit of INEbase is the statistical operation, defined as the set of activities that lead to obtaining statistical results on a determined sector or subject based on the individually collected data. Also included in the scope of this definition are synthesis preparation.
The data from this statistical operation may be viewed in INEbase, within the "INEbase /Science and Technology / New information and communication technologies" section in www.ine.es. More specifically, it may be viewed at the following link: (https://www.ine.es/dyngs/INEbase/en/operacion.htm?c=Estadistica_C&cid=1254736176742&menu=ultiDatos&idp=1254735576692) the website with the database may be accessed. The structure of said database is as follows:
1.1 Production in the ICT sector, by ICT sector and main indicator.
1.2 Average earnings, by ICT sector.
1.3 Personnel in R&D (FTE) in the ICT sector, by ICT sector, type of personnel and gender.
1.4 Internal R&D expenditure in the ICT sector, by ICT sector and nature of the expenditure.
1.5 Innovative Companies and companies (EIN) during the 2013-2015 period in the ICT sector, by ICT sector and type of company.
1.6 Companies with innovative activities and expenditure in the ICT sector, by ICT sector.
1.7 Innovation intensity in the ICT sector, by ICT sector.
1.8 Main indicators of ICT use and Electronic Commerce, by ICT sector and type of indicator.
1.9 Value of the production of ICT goods, by product group.
1.10 Foreign trade of ICT goods, by product group.
This is a synthesis statistical operation, given that information is used that is provided by other INE statistical operations, which may be viewed in section 18.1. As this is a synthesis statistical operation, it does not have specific microdata. Therefore, there is no possibility of accessing the microdata file.
Access to the information from this statistical information is available on the INE website, as follows: https://www.ine.es/dyngs/INEbase/en/operacion.htm?c=Estadistica_C&cid=1254736176742&menu=ultiDatos&idp=1254735576692)
In addition to the information available there, users may make tailor-made requests to the customer care department of the INE (https://www.ine.es/ss/Satellite?L=1&c=Page&cid=1254735550786&p=1254735550786&pagename=ProductosYServicios%2FPYSLayout&rendermode=previewnoinsitem). Said requests consists of performing specific tabulations using the microdata file. In order to carry out the request submitted, the responsible department studies its viability and prepares a quote that must be accepted prior to performing the requested tabulation.
The Methodological Handbook that describes the features of this statistical operation may be viewed at the INE website: https://www.ine.es/dyngs/INEbase/en/operacion.htm?c=Estadistica_C&cid=1254736176742&menu=ultiDatos&idp=1254735576692
Sections 10.6 to 17 of this document are the quality report oriented to the users of this statistical operation.
Quality assurance framework for the INE statistics is based on the ESSCoP, the European Statistics Code of Practice made by EUROSTAT. The ESSCoP is made up of 16 principles, gathered in three areas: Institutional Environment, Processes and Products. Each principle is associated with some indicators which make possible to measure it. In order to evaluate quality, EUROSTAT provides different tools: the indicators mentioned above, Self-assessment based on the DESAP model, peer review, user satisfaction surveys and other proceedings for evaluation.
The process for compiling the statistics has established controls for detecting and correcting errors, for the purpose of guaranteeing their quality, and compilation procedures contrasted on an international level are used.
As this is a synthesis statistical operation, it prepares the indicators contained through the aggregation of information provided by other statistical operations. In this sense, the quality of the information published is guaranteed by the corresponding filters that must be met by the sources from which it is performed.
For the sake of offering a greater breakdown, the pertinent actions are being taken so that the sources provide information with a greater breakdown level.
This statistical operation provides relevant information within the framework of the Information Society, for the following groups of users:
Given the synthesis nature of this statistical operation, it is confined to a breakdown level determined by the information provided by the sources of it. Nevertheless, we are studying the possibility of increasing the breakdown level, through the coordination of all of the statistical operations involved.
The INE has carried out general user satisfaction surveys in 2007, 2010, 2013 and 2016 and it plans to continue doing so every three years. The purpose of these surveys is to find out what users think about the quality of the information of the INE statistics and the extent to which their needs of information are covered. In addition, additional surveys are carried out in order to acknowledge better other fields such as dissemination of the information, quality of some publications...
On the INE website, in its section Methods and Projects / Quality and Code of Practice / INE quality management / User surveys are available surveys conducted to date.(Click next link)
In the user satisfaction surveys conducted to date, the Information and Communications Technologies sector is valued in that this is where the statistical operation is based, which may serve as guidance with regard to the opinion that users have of it.
Though there is no European Union regulation establishing the information to be provided, the survey meets most user needs. As per the needs that are not met, they are resolved via tailor-made requests, so long as this is possible and confidentiality is safeguarded. Whenever possible, these unmet needs are included in the survey, when the methodology is updated.
The National Statistical Plan information is provided at R1=100%
These are synthesis statistics, and as such, they are obtained from multiple statistical sources, which may be viewed in section 18.1 of this document. Said sources may be affected by different errors. Nonetheless, the main strength is the existence of a team of experts with in-depth knowledge thereof, both in their deficiencies and in their interrelations, which adjusting to the regulations and the methodology, works conscientiously toward obtaining a credible item of data.
This is a synthetic operation, and not a survey, and therefore, the concepts of sampling errors are not applicable, but there are non-sampling errors .
Being a synthetic operation the sampling errors that affect it come from the sources from which the information is collected, which are analyzed to see if they are kept within reasonable limits. Errors other than sampling can come from both the sources and the information processing in this operation (lack of coverage, measurement errors). In this case the direct measurement of accuracy is not considered possible
According to the TP2 "opportunity" quantitative indicator, which indicates the time bracket between the end of the reference period and the publication date of the final results, is TP2= 564 days. The reference period ends on 31 March of T-2 year being T the year of publication. There are no preview results in this statistical operation. The publication of said results is always final.
The publication of the results of this statistical operation is always carried out on the date established in the INE dissemination calendar.
The data published all refers to the national aggregate, and therefore, it is not possible to provide geographical comparability on a more reduced level. Comparability is also not possible at an international level, given that this statistical operation is not subject to any European regulation, and therefore, the production processes that enable coherent comparisons are not homogenised.
The first results of this statistical operation refer to the 2003 period. Nevertheless, given the change in CNAE-2009, the homogeneity of the series with the new classification began in 2008. In this sense, there are CC2=9 coherently comparable annual periods. Except by SBS because there is a metholodogical change in 2016.
As this is a synthesis statistical operation, no discrepancies occur between related statistical results and those comprising it. Said results are those derived from the following statistical operations: (1) Structural Business Statistics: Industrial Sector, (2) Structural Business Statistics: Services Sector, (3) Quarterly Labour Cost Survey (QLCS), (4) Statistics on Scientific Research and Technological Development (R&D) Activities, (5) Innovation in Enterprises Survey, (6) Survey on ICT usage and Electronic Commerce in Enterprises, (7) Industrial Products Survey and (8) Foreign Trade Statistics.
The data disseminated by this synthesis statistical operation is coherent amongst itself. Said coherence is supported by the corresponding internal coherence of the statistical sources it comprises, which are described in section 18.4.
The response burden for performing this statistical operation is zero, as it is compiled with the information provided by other statistical operations described in section 18.1.
The estimation of the budgetary credit necessary to finance these statistics, as foreseen in the 2019 Annual Programme, comes to a total of 2,89 thousand euros.
The INE of Spain has a policy which regulates the basic aspects of statistical data revision, seeking to ensure process transparency and product quality. This policy is laid out in the document approved by the INE board of directors on 13 March of 2015, which is available on the INE website, in the section "Methods and projects/Quality and Code of Practice/INE’s Quality management/INE’s Revision policy" (link).
This general policy sets the criteria that the different type of revisions should follow: routine revision- it is the case of statistics whose production process includes regular revisions-; more extensive revision- when methodological or basic reference source changes take place-; and exceptional revision- for instance, when an error appears in a published statistic-.
The results published by this statistical operation are final, and not subject to any revision.
The results published by this statistical operation are final, and not subject to any subsequent revision.
This is a synthesis statistical operation, that is, it is not compiled using a questionnaire specifically designed to collect the information contained in the tables published therein. Said information is an aggregation of data provided by other statistical operations, which are the following:
The information provided by the above statistics ans surveys is not all that referring to the units (enterprises) comprising their respective samples. They send that which is necessary for building the aggregates that appear in section 3.4. Specifically, the year prior to the publication of the results, the information mailing is requested. The information send is the aggregate corresponding to the variable requested for all of the enterprises in their sample, with the main activity appearing in one of those indicated in section 3.3. Once received, this unit aggregates the information and compiles the tables that appear in the publication.
Every year, at the beginning of September, the information is requested of the units responsible for the statistical operations described in section 18.1. The mailing is carried out once said units have validated it.
As this is a synthesis statistical operation, the information validation is performed in each of the original sources.
The unit responsible for this statistical operation aggregates the information received from the sources providing it.
Once said information is aggregated, the interannual variation rates of the variables appearing in the tables in the publication are calculated.
As this is a synthesis statistical operation, no adjustments are performed.