The Rural Tourism Accommodation Price Index (RTAPI) is a statistical measure of the evolution of prices applied by businesspersons running this type of establishment to their clients. It therefore measures the evolution of prices in the sector from the supply perspective.
The analysis units are the rural tourism establishments registered as such in the corresponding register of the Tourist Boards of each Autonomous Community.
All Rural Tourism Accommodation Establishments are researched.
The geographical scope is the entire national territory except Ceuta and Melilla, where there are no establishments of this type.
The information is presented on different levels of geographical breakdown: national, Autonomous Community
The year in which the Tourist Accomodation Occupancy Survey started to be compiled. Therefore the base year is 2002.
Index, Rates, Percentage
Data referred to the period: Mensual A: 2018 MES: 11
The compilation and dissemination of the data are governed by the Statistical Law No. 12/1989 "Public Statistical Function" of May 9, 1989, and Law No. 4/1990 of June 29 on “National Budget of State for the year 1990" amended by Law No. 13/1996 "Fiscal, administrative and social measures" of December 30, 1996, makes compulsory all statistics included in the National Statistics Plan. The National Statistical Plan 2009-2012 was approved by the Royal Decree 1663/2008. It contains the statistics that must be developed in the four year period by the State General Administration's services or any other entity dependent on it. All statistics included in the National Statistics Plan are statistics for state purposes and are obligatory. The National Statistics Plan 2017-2020, approved by Royal Decree 410/2016, of 31 October, is the Plan currently implemented. This statistical operation has governmental purposes, and it is included in the National Statistics Plan 2017-2020. (Statistics of the State Administration).
This statistical operation is not subject to any European Regulation
Due to statistical secrecy the provinces with less than 3 establishments are concealed and due to significance those with less than 8 establishments.
The results of the survey are disseminated through the INE website and some results are included in publications such as the Statistical Yearbook, INE Figures, etc. A press release is compiled every month with the following operations: HDOS, COS, RTAOS, HDPI, TCPI and RTAPI.
INEbase is the system the INE uses to store statistical information on the Internet. It contains all the information the INE produces in electronic formats. The primary organisation of the information follows the theme-based classification of the Inventory of Statistical Operations of the State General Administration . The basic unit of INEbase is the statistical operation, defined as the set of activities that lead to obtaining statistical results on a determined sector or subject based on the individually collected data. Also included in the scope of this definition are synthesis preparation.
The specific link of the Rural Tourism Accommodation Price Index is: https://www.ine.es/dynt3/inebase/en/index.htm?padre=236&dh=1 The indicator used is AC2 (number of hits on the online database) = 3.320
The microdata is not disseminated.
Customised requests are also received, which on occasion become continuous or are extended. The policy for tending to customised requests consists of analysing whether the conditions of statistical secrecy and significance are met. After this analysis, a viability report is prepared and sent to the petitioner.
The methodology contains information regarding the questionnaires, estimators, definitions, sample. The document may be viewed at the following link: https://www.ine.es/en/daco/daco42/ipapt/notaiptr_en
Fields 10.6 to 17 of this document are the quality report oriented to the users of this operation.
Quality assurance framework for the INE statistics is based on the ESSCoP, the European Statistics Code of Practice made by EUROSTAT. The ESSCoP is made up of 16 principles, gathered in three areas: Institutional Environment, Processes and Products. Each principle is associated with some indicators which make possible to measure it. In order to evaluate quality, EUROSTAT provides different tools: the indicators mentioned above, Self-assessment based on the DESAP model, peer review, user satisfaction surveys and other proceedings for evaluation.
The Rural Tourism Accomodation Occupancy Survey, which serves as the basis for the RTAPI, periodically performs activities for the revision of the statistical process, in order to meet the quality conditions required on both the national and international levels. The main activities are the revision of both the data collected and the survey directory, as well as a microfiltering upon receipt of the data, followed by a macrofiltering. Improvement in the data collection systems (IRIA and XML).
As shown in the following sections, which include detailed quality indicators, the RTAPI presents very high quality, with data from the operation being made available within a 30-day period. Total non-response is usually approximately 7% for provisional data, and 2% for final data, and the variation coefficients also have levels that are less than 1.3. Periodical updates are made of the directory.
Users are quite varied: tourism boards/consortiums, individuals, establishments, consultancy companies, Autonomous Community governments, municipal councils, universities, associations of accommodation businesspersons. The data received is used for analyses, studies, reports and policy design. User needs that are not met are those that do not comply with the conditions of statistical secrecy and statistical significance. In addition to the information available on the website, users also request data for time periods other than those published, and for customised zones.
The INE has carried out general user satisfaction surveys in 2007, 2010, 2013 and 2016 and it plans to continue doing so every three years. The purpose of these surveys is to find out what users think about the quality of the information of the INE statistics and the extent to which their needs of information are covered. In addition, additional surveys are carried out in order to acknowledge better other fields such as dissemination of the information, quality of some publications...
On the INE website, in its section Methods and Projects / Quality and Code of Practice / INE quality management / User surveys are available surveys conducted to date.(Click next link)
The information collected enables answering most of the requests received. Those that are not answered provide information that is studied for possible future modifications. 100% of the information requested by the National Statistical Plan is supplied.
The estimators used are unbiased, and therefore, the bias is null. With regard to non-sampling errors, we try to minimise both coverage errors and total non-response errors.
In order to measure the precision of this statistical operation, coefficients of variation are available for the RTAPI.
1). An approximate calculation of the sampling error can be obtained using the Jackknife technique.
2). Analyzing the sampling errors of this survey, it should be taken into account that most of the sample is exhaustive and therefore, the sampling error is zero.
The values of the coefficients of variation are available in the following link:
The estimators used are unbiased, and therefore, the bias is null. Among the non-sampling errors, coverage errors are minimised by carrying out periodical crosses between the Autonomous Community directories and the RTAOS directory, the basis of the RTAPI, for the purpose of finding possible duplicities, establishments that are missing or those that are no longer active. Total non-response is minimised between the provisional data and the final data, due to the re-contact with the units that did not answer, and in addition, an imputation of data is performed for these cases. Among the non-sampling errors, there is information available regarding non-response, with the non-response rate in 2016, definitive data, being A3 = 2.79.
The time that elapses from the reference date of the data to the publication of the provisional figures is 30 days, whereas for the final data, it is one year and one month. That is, in April 2016, the provisional data for March 2016 is published, as well as the final data for March 2015, and so on and so forth.
Each publication has been made public on the date announced in the publication calendar. The calendar may be viewed at the following link: http://www.ine.e/en/daco/daco41/calen_en.htm
The availability of a methodology, a design and a common process for collection, filtering, editing and elevation for the entire geographical scope, guarantees the comparability of the results among the different Autonomous Communities, provinces, tourist areas and tourist sites. This index does not follow any European Regulations, and therefore, information is not available regarding international comparability.
The Rural Tourism Accomodation Price Index (RTAPI) arose in 2003, and has not changed since that time. In December 2017, the series has 190 elements.
Though the variables gathered in this survey are not collected in any other survey, a coherence is observed between the values obtained and the evolution of the economy.
The data has complete internal coherence, as it is based on the same set of microdata, and is calculated using the same estimation methods for the different breakdowns. The arithmetic and accounting identities are observed in the production of the data sets.
The estimation of the budgetary credit necessary to finance the Tourist Accommodation Price Indices (hotels, holiday dwellings, tourist campsites and rural tourism accommodation) set out in the 2019 Annual Programme comes to a total of 120.39 thousand euros.
Information regarding the response burden is not available. There is a means of collection, using XML files, for the purpose of reducing the response burden, as the information is collected directly from the management systems of the establishments, with it not being necessary for respondents to fill out the questionnaire, thus reducing the time that the establishment dedicates to responding to the questionnaire.
The INE of Spain has a policy which regulates the basic aspects of statistical data revision, seeking to ensure process transparency and product quality. This policy is laid out in the document approved by the INE board of directors on 13 March of 2015, which is available on the INE website, in the section "Methods and projects/Quality and Code of Practice/INE’s Quality management/INE’s Revision policy" (link).
This general policy sets the criteria that the different type of revisions should follow: routine revision- it is the case of statistics whose production process includes regular revisions-; more extensive revision- when methodological or basic reference source changes take place-; and exceptional revision- for instance, when an error appears in a published statistic-.
The revision policy is as follows: once the results are published in t+30, more questionnaires from the reference month are received, and therefore, the final version of the results presents greater coverage (increasing from a response rate of 93% in the provisional results to a rate of 98% in the final results). The final data is published the following year, that is, for example, in April 2016, the provisional data for March 2016 and the final data for March 2015 are published.
Each month, the provisional data for the previous month is published, as well as the final data for the previous month of the previous year. The quality indicators used are MAR, absolute average revision, and RMAR, relative average revision.
The average annual definitive values in 2017 are:
MAR_ = 0.2008;
RMAR = 0.0014;
The INE compiles a national directory of rural tourism Establishments establishments, using the registers sent by the Tourism Boards of the Autonomous Communities. This directory contains the following information for each establishment: name, address, category, opening period, number of rooms and capacity.
A stratified sampling is used, by province and category.
The information regarding the compilation of RTAPI is collected from the Rural Tourism Accomodation Occupation Survey.
The procedure for supervising the data validation consists of applying a series of validations to the questionnaires. In the event that any inconsistency is detected, the INE contacts the establishment again. When all of the data has been collected, it is revised again in a centralised fashion. In the files received by XML, the validation is performed at the time that the data is sent to the INE; if the validations are not verified by the data, the upload is not carried out in the database. Lastly, a macrofiltering is performed.
Firstly, there is a decentralised microfiltering process to detect and filter errors and inconsistencies in the questionnaires. Next, on a central level, the data is linked to that of the XML files, and the estimators are obtained. Subsequently, a macrofiltering is performed, prior to the tabulation and dissemination of the results.