The data of the Survey reflect the two sides that are considered in tourism research: for the demand side, information on travellers, overnight stays and average stay are provided and distributed by country of residence of the travellers and category of the establishment they occupy or by origin Autonomous City or Community for travellers resident in Spain; for the supply side the number of estimated open establishments, estimated bedplaces, ocuppation degrees and information about the sector are provided, by establishment category.
This information is provided monthly, at the following levels: national, Autonomous Community, province, touristic area and tourist spot.
The analysis units are all campsites registered as such in the corresponding register of the Tourist Boards of each Autonomous Community.
All existing campsites in the national territory are researched.
The geographical scope includes all the national territory except Ceuta and Melilla.
The information is presented on different levels of geographical breakdown: national, Autonomous Community, provincial, tourist areas (group of municipalities) and tourist sites (municipalities).
From the year 1964 onwards. Data on paper from 1964 to 1998. From 1999 on, they are available on the website.
The year when Hotel Occupancy Survey was carried out for the first time and, therefore, the base year, is 1999.
Guests, overnight stays, days, people, percentage, establishments, bed-places and Pitches
Data referred to the period: Mensual A: 2019 MES: 11
The compilation and dissemination of the data are governed by the Statistical Law No. 12/1989 "Public Statistical Function" of May 9, 1989, and Law No. 4/1990 of June 29 on “National Budget of State for the year 1990" amended by Law No. 13/1996 "Fiscal, administrative and social measures" of December 30, 1996, makes compulsory all statistics included in the National Statistics Plan. The National Statistical Plan 2009-2012 was approved by the Royal Decree 1663/2008. It contains the statistics that must be developed in the four year period by the State General Administration's services or any other entity dependent on it. All statistics included in the National Statistics Plan are statistics for state purposes and are obligatory. The National Statistics Plan 2017-2020, approved by Royal Decree 410/2016, of 31 October, is the Plan currently implemented. This statistical operation has governmental purposes, and it is included in the National Statistics Plan 2017-2020. (Statistics of the State Administration).
These statistics comply with the Regulation (EC) no. 692/2011 of the Council and the European Parliament on 6th July 2011, regarding tourism statistics. The Spanish version of the European Union regulations that affect this operation is available on: https://www.ine.es/normativa/leyes/UE/minine.htm#30237
Due to statistical secrecy, strata (Autonomous Community/category, province/category, area/categry, spot/category) with less than 3 campsites with data are hidden. Data from nationalities with less than 10 monthly travellers or overnight stays are also hidden.
The results of the survey are disseminated via the INE website, and some results are included in publications such as the Statistical Yearbook, INE Figures, etc. A press release is compiled monthly, which contains the following operations: HDOS, COS, RTOS, HOS, TCPI, HDPI and RTAPI.
INEbase is the system the INE uses to store statistical information on the Internet. It contains all the information the INE produces in electronic formats. The primary organisation of the information follows the theme-based classification of the Inventory of Statistical Operations of the State General Administration . The basic unit of INEbase is the statistical operation, defined as the set of activities that lead to obtaining statistical results on a determined sector or subject based on the individually collected data. Also included in the scope of this definition are synthesis preparation.
The specific link for the Tourist Campsite Occupancy Survey is:https://www.ine.es/dyngs/INEbase/en/operacion.htm?c=Estadistica_C&cid=1254736176961&menu=resultados&idp=1254735576863 The indicator used is AC2 (number of accesses to the online database) = 70,308 (2019 acummulated data til November)
Microdata sets are not disseminated.
Customised requests are also received, and sometimes they become continuous or they are extended. The policy of attention for customised requests consists on analysing whether the conditions of statistical secrecy and significance are observed. After this analysis a viability report is prepared and sent to the petitioner.
The methodology contains information on questionnaires, link coefficients, variation coefficients, estimators, treatment of lack of partial response, definitions, sample. The document can be viewed at the following link: https://www.ine.es/en/daco/daco42/ocupacam/meto_eoac_en.pdf
Fields 10.6 to 17 of this document may be considered the quality report intended for users for this operation.
Following the Regulation No 692/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council, the European Commission (Eurostat) assesses the quality of the transferred data and publishes reports on the quality of European statistics. In order to do this, each country provides a quality report within the 9 months after the year-end. The link is as follows:
Quality assurance framework for the INE statistics is based on the ESSCoP, the European Statistics Code of Practice made by EUROSTAT. The ESSCoP is made up of 16 principles, gathered in three areas: Institutional Environment, Processes and Products. Each principle is associated with some indicators which make possible to measure it. In order to evaluate quality, EUROSTAT provides different tools: the indicators mentioned above, Self-assessment based on the DESAP model, peer review, user satisfaction surveys and other proceedings for evaluation.
The Tourist Campsite Occupancy Survey carries out on a regular basis review activities on the statistical process in order to comply with the quality conditions required both at national and international levels. The main activities are the review of collected data such as the survey directory, as well as microfiltering when receiving data and microfiltering afterwards. improvement in the data collection systems (IRIA).
As can be seen in the following sections, where the quality indicators are gathered in detail, the COS shows a very good quality, since the data for the operation is available in a 30 days period of time. The total lack of response usually is around 7% for provisional data and 2% for final data, and variation coefficients also have levels lower than 0.9 for the main variables. Updates of the directory are carried out periodically. Finally, the Eurostat Methodology regarding tourism surveys is also followed: Methodological Manual for Tourism Statistics, available in the following link: http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/tourism/methodology/manuals-and-guidelines
Users are very varied: tourism board/consortium, individuals, establishments, consultancy companies, Autonomous Community governments, city councils, universities, associations of accommodations and catering entrepeneurs. The data they receive is used for analysis, studies, reports and designing of policies. The needs of users that are not satisfied are those that do not comply with the conditions of statistical secrecy and significance. Apart from the information available on the webpage, users also ask for data for periods different from those published and for customised areas.
The INE has carried out general user satisfaction surveys in 2007, 2010, 2013 and 2016 and it plans to continue doing so every three years. The purpose of these surveys is to find out what users think about the quality of the information of the INE statistics and the extent to which their needs of information are covered. In addition, additional surveys are carried out in order to acknowledge better other fields such as dissemination of the information, quality of some publications...
On the INE website, in its section Methods and Projects / Quality and Code of Practice / INE quality management / User surveys are available surveys conducted to date.(Click next link)
The COS is consistent with all the requirements established by the international standards related to the tourism statistics from a supply perspective. 100% of the information requested by the regulation is supplied. (R1=100%)
Estimators used are non-biased, therefore the bias is zero. Regarding non-sampling errors, it is intended to minimise both coverage and total non-response errors. For more information, the methodology for this survey can be consulted through the following link:https://www.ine.es/en/daco/daco42/ocupacam/meto_eoac_en.pdfhttps://www.ine.es/en/daco/daco42/ocupacam/meto_eoac_en.pdf
In order to measure the precision of this statistical operation, there are coefficients of variation for the variables travellers and overnight stays, differentiating between residents in Spain and residents abroad. The values of the coefficients of variation can be consulted through the following link:
For example, travellers in October 2019 A1=0.75%
The estimators used are non-biased, therefore the bias is zero. Among non-sampling errors, coverage errors are minimised by periodically carrying out crosses between the directories of the Autonomous Communities and the directory of the COS, in order to find potential duplicates, establishments that are missing or out of business. Total non-response errors are minimised between provisional and final data, thanks to re-contacting the units that did not respond. Moreover, an imputation of data is carried out for these cases. Among non-sampling errors, there is information available on the lack of response, the non-response rate being A4 =2.35 in 2018, definitive data.
The number of days from the reference day of data until the publication of provisional data is 30 days (TP1=30 days), while for final data the period is one year and one month for the months of January to June (TP2=13 months), and for the rest of the months final data is published during the 3rd quarter. In other words, provisional data for March 2020 and final data for March 2019 are published in April 2020, and final data for 2019 not published before ar published in July 2020.
Each publication has been disseminated in accordance with the publication calendar. The calendar can be viewed at the following link: https://www.ine.es/en/daco/daco41/calen_en.htm
The availability of a methodology, and the design and common process of collection, scrubbing, edition and elevation throughout the whole geographical scope ensures the comparability of data between the different Autonomous Communities, provinces, tourist areas and tourist spots. On the other hand, adapting the methodology to the reglulation 692/2011 enables for the comparability with the remaining EU countries.
Movement of Travellers in Campsites Survey was created in the 70s. In 1999 it was replaced with the Campsite Occupancy Survey and the temporary series is comparable ever since. The series has 250 elements in December 2019 (CC2=250).
Though the variables gathered in this survey are not collected in any other survey, a coherence is observed between the values obtained and the evolution of the economy.
The data has complete internal coherence, as it is based on the same set of microdata, and is calculated using the same estimation methods for the different breakdowns. The arithmetic and accounting identities are observed in the production of the data sets.
The information on the burden on informants is not provided.
The INE of Spain has a policy which regulates the basic aspects of statistical data revision, seeking to ensure process transparency and product quality. This policy is laid out in the document approved by the INE board of directors on 13 March of 2015, which is available on the INE website, in the section "Methods and projects/Quality and Code of Practice/INE’s Quality management/INE’s Revision policy" (link).
This general policy sets the criteria that the different type of revisions should follow: routine revision- it is the case of statistics whose production process includes regular revisions-; more extensive revision- when methodological or basic reference source changes take place-; and exceptional revision- for instance, when an error appears in a published statistic-.
The revision policy is as follows: once the results are published in t+30, more questionnaires from the reference month are received, and therefore, the final version of the results presents greater coverage (increasing from a response rate of 93% in the provisional results to a rate of 98% in the final results). Each year, a more detailed release than the monthly one is released in June, with data from the previous year. This release is final. Although, from January to May, the same day when provisional results for the reference month are released, the final results for the previous month are also released.
Each month, the provisional data for the previous month is published, as well as the final data for the previous month of the previous year until June when all final data are published that were not previously disseminated. The quality indicators used are MAR, absolute average revision, and RMAR, relative average revision, obtained from the main variables, travellers, and overnight stays.
The annual average values in 2018 are: MAR passengers =4193, MAR overnihgt stays= 31275, RMAR passengers = 0.0102, RMAR overnight stays = 0.0094.
The INE compiles a national directory of holiday dwellings, using the records sent by the Tourism Boards of the Autonomous Communities. This directory contains the following information for each dwelling: denomination, direction, category, aperture length, number of pitches, caravans, and bungalows.
A stratified sampling is used, by province and category.
Collecting methods include: CAWI, postal service, fax, mail, automatic data collection via XML. Information in questionnaires is collected and filtered in a decentralised manner. There are two types of questionnaires: the weekly one, that collects information on seven consecutive reference days, and the monthly one, that collects information on data from the entire month. The questionnaire is updated on a yearly basis with the new EU countries.
The procedure for supervising the data validation consists of applying a series of validations to the questionnaires. In the event that any inconsistency is detected, the INE contacts the establishment again. When all of the data has been collected, it is revised again in a centralised fashion. Lastly, a macrofiltering is performed.
Firstly, there is a decentralised microfiltering process to detect and filter errors and inconsistencies in the questionnaires. Subsequently, the esmitaros are obtained at a central level. Subsequently, a macrofiltering is performed, prior to the tabulation and dissemination of the results.
No adjustments apply.