The death statistics include the deaths occurring in Spain each year. The data are collected in a document called a medical death certificate/statistical death bulletin. This document is completed by the doctor who certifies the death, in the section relating to personal data and causes of death. The civil registry in which the death is registered completes the data relating to the registration and the declarant or relatives the data relating to the residence, nationality and profession of the deceased. In the case of deaths that occur in special circumstances and in which a court intervenes, the information is completed by the court.
The death statistics provide information broken down at the national level as well as at the level of Autonomous Community, provinces, capitals and municipalities. It includes information on the deceased with less than twenty-four hours of life.
It collects all deaths occurring in Spain, regardless of whether they are of resident or non-resident population
The basic unit of the statistics is the deceased person
The target population of the statistics is all the people who die in Spain
The statistics cover the entire national territory, with data broken down by Autonomous Community, provinces, capitals and municipalities with more than 50,000 inhabitants
The statistics are carried out on an annual basis. Results are available from 1900 to 2019.
The unit of measurement is the number of persons who die in the reference period
The data refer to the calendar year covered by the statistics, regardless of whether the data are published by month of occurrence of the deaths
Data referred to the period: Anual A: 2019
The compilation and dissemination of the data are governed by the Statistical Law No. 12/1989 "Public Statistical Function" of May 9, 1989, and Law No. 4/1990 of June 29 on “National Budget of State for the year 1990" amended by Law No. 13/1996 "Fiscal, administrative and social measures" of December 30, 1996, makes compulsory all statistics included in the National Statistics Plan. The National Statistical Plan 2009-2012 was approved by the Royal Decree 1663/2008. It contains the statistics that must be developed in the four year period by the State General Administration's services or any other entity dependent on it. All statistics included in the National Statistics Plan are statistics for state purposes and are obligatory. The National Statistics Plan 2017-2020, approved by Royal Decree 410/2016, of 31 October, is the Plan currently implemented. This statistical operation has governmental purposes, and it is included in the National Statistics Plan 2017-2020. (Statistics of the State Administration).
Collaboration agreements with the Autonomous Communities for the preparation of the Vital Statistics
It is carried out in collaboration with the Autonomous Communities
The final data are disseminated on an annual basis. Provisional data are disseminated on a half-yearly basis.
The results of this statistic are disseminated through the INE website and some results are included in publications such as the Statistical Yearbook, INE Figures, Spain in Figures, etc.
INEbase is the system the INE uses to store statistical information on the Internet. It contains all the information the INE produces in electronic formats. The primary organisation of the information follows the theme-based classification of the Inventory of Statistical Operations of the State General Administration . The basic unit of INEbase is the statistical operation, defined as the set of activities that lead to obtaining statistical results on a determined sector or subject based on the individually collected data. Also included in the scope of this definition are synthesis preparation.
All the information related to this statistic (results, methodology, questionnaires, etc.) can be consulted at
The provisional data contain a series of tables with the main classifications of deaths at the national, Autonomous Community, provincial, capital and municipal levels with more than 50,000 inhabitants.
Final data contain detailed tables for the different variables included in the Medical Death Certificate-Statistical Death Bulletin.
All the information regarding the Basic Demographic Indicators in general can be consulted at:
Provisional data on mortality indicators provide information at the national, Autonomous Community and provincial levels for certain variables.
Final data on mortality indicators provide information at the national, Autonomous Community and province levels with greater disaggregation of variables.
The microdata files of this statistic can be accessed and downloaded. These files are made anonymous to preserve statistical secrecy.
No information is provided for the following variables:
- Name, surname, identification document, address of the deceased person
- Registration data of the death in the civil registry
- Variable day on all dates
- Codes of municipalities with less than 10,000 inhabitants. The size of the municipalities is provided
- Codes of countries with a lower frequency than that established
- Causes of death
The information can be consulted at:
Interested users can request, through the INE User Service Area, specific operations of information that are carried out preserving the confidentiality of the data and signing the corresponding agreement or document.
A detailed description is available at:
Fields 10.6 to 17 of this document are considered the user-oriented quality report for this operation
Quality assurance framework for the INE statistics is based on the ESSCoP, the European Statistics Code of Practice made by EUROSTAT. The ESSCoP is made up of 16 principles, gathered in three areas: Institutional Environment, Processes and Products. Each principle is associated with some indicators which make possible to measure it. In order to evaluate quality, EUROSTAT provides different tools: the indicators mentioned above, Self-assessment based on the DESAP model, peer review, user satisfaction surveys and other proceedings for evaluation.
On 1 January 2009 a series of reforms came into force in the collection of information on death statistics as well as death statistics according to cause of death. Several changes have been made, both in the forms and in the information circuit.
The objectives have been the following:
1.- To improve the quality of information in general and in particular of the causes of death, adapting the method of collecting these variables to the recommendations of the WHO and Eurostat. To this end, two documents have been unified in which the information was collected: the medical death certificate (MDC) and the statistical death bulletin (SDB). Both requested duplicate identification information and, in addition, the doctor had to fill in the causes of death in both of them. This double effort was not always carried out by the certifying doctor, and the SDB was completed by another person from the MDC information, with the consequent loss of quality of the information.
2.- To improve the transmission of information in the case of deaths with judicial intervention. Previously, three different bodies were involved in these cases in order to send the information to the INE: the court, the civil registry and the provincial delegations of the INE. The aim has been to simplify this flow of information by sending information directly from the courts to the INE databases. To this end, a web application has been developed for the recording of information on deaths with judicial intervention by the courts, which replaces the previous system in which information was collected in a document that was not standardised among the courts.
3.- To adapt the collection of information to the new technologies of Information and Communication. To this end, it has been implemented optical character recognition (OCR) to perform the recording of information and the new MDC/SDB has been designed for the same purpose.
In order to evaluate the quality of the information contained in the medical death certificate/statistical death bulletin as well as in the judicial death statistical bulletin, exhaustive controls are carried out in all phases of the statistics process from the recording of the information to its publication.
Particular emphasis is placed on checking that the values of the variables are valid, that there are no inconsistencies between the information we receive in a single death and that we receive all deaths occurred in Spain in the reference period of the data
Likewise, the INE information is compared with that provided by the Ministry of Justice for registrations made in computerised civil registers. This comparison allows us to correct the errors detected.
The errors and non-response detected in the variables included in the medical death certificate/statistical death bulletin are cleaned with the information provided by the Ministry of Justice corresponding to death registrations made in computerised civil registers. This information is accessible in all INE provincial delegations at the time of recording the information in the statistical bulletins. This allows for cleaning and detecting possible lack of coverage with considerable time savings, while minimizing non-response.
Information on deaths is used by other INE units, such as:
Electoral Census, to deregister the deceased persons
Municipal Register. The death files serve as a basis for the City Councils to update their Municipal Register of Inhabitants by removing the deceased persons
Health Statistics, for the preparation of the Death Statistics according to cause of death
Demographic Indicators, for the preparation of the mortality and life expectancy tables
Demographic projections, for the calculation of the figures of the future population
Based on the RESOLUTION of 7 February 2005, of the Under-Secretary, which provides for the publication of the management delegation of the Secretary of State for Justice to the National Statistics Institute in matters of transmission of computerised data relating to the registration of births, marriages and deaths carried out in the Civil Registries, the Secretary of State for Justice and the National Statistics Institute have signed, on 13 October 2004, an Agreement entrusting the latter, on a transitory basis, until the
conclusion of the computerisation process of all the Civil Registers, the transmission of computerised data relating to the registration of births, marriages and deaths carried out in the Civil Registries. The National Statistics Institute, at the request of the Directorate General of Registries and Notaries, may facilitate
massive transmission of public interest data to public bodies interested in them.
EUROSTAT and the United Nations. The information agreed in the meetings of the working groups on demographic statistics is submitted
Requests from universities, hospital research groups, companies and individuals
Universities and researchers request death information for disease studies
Insurance companies use death information as the basis for calculating the policy quote period
The INE has carried out general user satisfaction surveys in 2007, 2010, 2013 and 2016 and it plans to continue doing so every three years. The purpose of these surveys is to find out what users think about the quality of the information of the INE statistics and the extent to which their needs of information are covered. In addition, additional surveys are carried out in order to acknowledge better other fields such as dissemination of the information, quality of some publications...
On the INE website, in its section Methods and Projects / Quality and Code of Practice / INE quality management / User surveys are available surveys conducted to date.(Click next link)
In the user satisfaction surveys carried out to date, the Demographics and Population sector in which the statistical operation is framed is assessed, which can provide guidance with respect to the opinion of users about it.
The information required is made available to users, respecting the confidentiality of the information. The modification of the content of the questionnaire carried out in 2009 took into account the needs for additional information required by other bodies and institutions.
The information collected allows us to deal with all the requests received.
100% of the results requested by the National Statistical Plan are provided
Data completeness rate is 100%
The collection procedure, coverage control, cleaning of errors and imputation of non-response, allows to obtain a high degree of reliability of the statistics.
It is not applicable because the data are obtained comprehensively from an administrative source (entries in the civil register)
Delays in the submission of information by some civil registries and lack of information in some variables of the bulletin. This results in a non-response rate of approximately 0.1 percent
An attempt is made to reduce the non-response rate by obtaining information from the Ministry of Justice file
The final statistics data are published at the end of the year following the reference year of the information, that is, within 12 months.
Provisional data are published within six months of the year following the reference year of the information, that is, within six months.
Data dissemination is carried out in accordance with the structural statistics availability calendar that the INE prepares and publishes for each year.
The processing of this statistic in all its phases is the same for the entire territory. In this way, the results are perfectly comparable for any geographical disaggregation. Likewise, they are comparable with the rest of the European Union countries as they follow the Eurostat recommendations established for all countries and agreed in the meetings of the Demographic Statistics working group
The statistical concept of death used traditionally in Spain included all those who died with more than 24 hours of life. As of 1975, this concept has been expanded with the incorporation of those born alive and deceased during the first 24 hours of life. This change implies the adaptation of the death criterion recommended by international organisations.
This change led to a break in the series of deaths from 1975 onwards, since before 1975 the death figures do not include those born alive who died before the first 24 hours of life, and from 1975 onwards it does
The length of the comparable data series is 43 years
The death figures are consistent with both the census figures and with future population projections
The consistency between variables is contrasted in all phases of the statistical process.
In order for doctors who certify a death not to have to complete the medical death certificate and, in addition, the death statistics bulletin, in 2009 the questionnaire was modified to collect information from this statistic by designing a unique model called the medical death certificate/statistical death bulletin in which all the information required in both documents is collected.
As it is a statistic based on an administrative register, it does not involve a burden for the respondents
The estimated budget appropriation necessary to finance the Vital Statistics (made up of the Death Statistics, the Birth Statistics, the Marriage Statistics) foreseen in the 2019 Annual Programme is 4.279,78 thousand euros
The INE of Spain has a policy which regulates the basic aspects of statistical data revision, seeking to ensure process transparency and product quality. This policy is laid out in the document approved by the INE board of directors on 13 March of 2015, which is available on the INE website, in the section "Methods and projects/Quality and Code of Practice/INE’s Quality management/INE’s Revision policy" (link).
This general policy sets the criteria that the different type of revisions should follow: routine revision- it is the case of statistics whose production process includes regular revisions-; more extensive revision- when methodological or basic reference source changes take place-; and exceptional revision- for instance, when an error appears in a published statistic-.
Final data are not reviewed. They are only reviewed if there is an error in the publication
The provisional data for the first half of a year are revised when the provisional data for the whole year are published. The provisional annual data are revised when the final data are published
The publication of provisional data is justified by the need to have information on the main variables in a period as close as possible to the reference period. These data are not completely cleaned as this phase requires a longer period of time for its completion. The main variables are cleaned
Provisional data for the first half of a year are revised once when the provisional data for the whole year are published.
The provisional data for the year are revised once the final data for the year are published
The statistics data are obtained from the information filled in by doctors, courts, family members and the Civil Registry at the time of a death. Two models of questionnaires have been designed
1.-Medical Death Certificate/Statistical Death Bulletin for deaths in which there are no special circumstances
2.- In the case of deaths in which, due to their circumstances, a court must intervene, the information is collected in a death questionnaire with judicial intervention that is filled in by the court in a web questionnaire.
The information contained in both documents is practically the same. Information is obtained from the personal data of the deceased person, the place of death, the causes of death, the circumstances of the death in the case of deaths with judicial intervention, the registration in the Civil Registry
Data collection is carried out monthly.
The first sheet of the MDC/SDB (pages 1 and 2) that corresponds to the Medical Death Certificate, is completed by the certifying doctor when there is a death in which a court should not intervene (most cases). The second sheet (pages 3 and 4) which corresponds to the Statistical Bulletin, is completed by the declarant or failing that by the person responsible for the civil registry (page 3) and the registration data by the person responsible for the civil registry (page 4). Once the doctor who certifies the death has completed the part corresponding to the Medical Certificate, the funeral parlour or the family member delivers the MDC/SDB to the civil registry of the municipality where the death occurred for the registration of the deceased. The civil registry submits the MDC/SDBs registered in one month to the INE on a monthly basis. The INE receives the documentation from the civil registry, records it by means of optical character recognition and validates the fields. In cases of death with judicial intervention, the court must complete a web questionnaire in an application designed for this purpose. This information is transmitted directly to the INE database.
In the initial phase of the statistics, its recording by means of optical character recognition, the application includes the detection of certain errors in the MDC/SDB information as well as the control of coverage and the detection of duplicated information. These errors have to be corrected in this first phase in order to include their information in the death database. The objective is to obtain levels of quality that make the process of cleaning and imputation of the subsequent processing phases faster and less costly.
A cleaning of the recorded data at national level is carried out in order to detect inconsistencies, duplicates, lack of information, etc. The result of this process is subjected to an automatic imputation phase for variables with missing or inconsistent information. Once this phase has been completed, the microdata files of the statistics are obtained from which we obtain the tables of the publication of both deaths and the corresponding mortality indicators. Likewise, the anonymised microdata files are obtained and made available to users on the web
No adjustments are made, as the data from this statistic is derived from an administrative record