Figures of the population resident in Spain, in each Autonomous Community, in each province and on each island (in the island provinces), broken down according to their basic demographic characteristics.
These data are used as population reference figures in all of INE's statistical operations (surveys, National Accounts, indicators, etc.) and are broadcast on the international level as Spain's official population data for all purposes.
Results are provided from 2012, linking with the Intercensal Population Estimates up to this date and with the results of successive population censuses carried out in Spain. This all makes up the historic series of Spain's population figures.
Resident population in Spain.
Population resident in Spain, in each Autonomous Community and in each province.
The statistics cover the whole of the national territory, and it is released for the national total, for each one of the Autonomous Communities and Cities, and for the provinces and islands (in the island provinces).
Data are provided referring to 1 July and 1 January of each year, starting in 2012.
These data link backwards to the Intercensal Population Estimates and successive population censuses carried out in Spain. This all makes up the historic series of Spain's population figures.
1 January 2012.
Number of persons with usual residence in Spain.
1 January and 1 July of each year.
Data referring to the period: BIANNUAL 2018
The compilation and dissemination of the data are governed by the Statistical Law No. 12/1989 "Public Statistical Function" of May 9, 1989, and Law No. 4/1990 of June 29 on “National Budget of State for the year 1990" amended by Law No. 13/1996 "Fiscal, administrative and social measures" of December 30, 1996, makes compulsory all statistics included in the National Statistics Plan. The National Statistical Plan 2009-2012 was approved by the Royal Decree 1663/2008. It contains the statistics that must be developed in the four year period by the State General Administration's services or any other entity dependent on it. All statistics included in the National Statistics Plan are statistics for state purposes and are obligatory. The National Statistics Plan 2017-2020, approved by Royal Decree 410/2016, of 31 October, is the Plan currently implemented. This statistical operation has governmental purposes, and it is included in the National Statistics Plan 2017-2020. (Statistics of the State Administration).
Regulation 1260/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council on European demographic statistics in relation to the provision of data on the resident population.
The Spanish version of this European Union regulation can be accessed at www.ine.es/normativa/leyes/UE/minine.htm#30321
The Population Figures are provided at the international level as Spain's official population data for all purposes.
No additional confidentiality measures to those which have already been indicated as standard in all INE operations have been adopted.
You can access all information regarding this operation at:
INEbase is the system the INE uses to store statistical information on the Internet. It contains all the information the INE produces in electronic formats. The primary organisation of the information follows the theme-based classification of the Inventory of Statistical Operations of the State General Administration . The basic unit of INEbase is the statistical operation, defined as the set of activities that lead to obtaining statistical results on a determined sector or subject based on the individually collected data. Also included in the scope of this definition are synthesis preparation.
The results and documentation relating to this operation can be found at:
This is a synthetic statistic that was prepared using aggregated results from various statistical sources. There is, therefore, no available microdata for this statistic.
This operation enables users' tailoed requests for information not included in the results tables to be addressed, following a feasibility study in any case, by the INE.
Requests can be made through the Information Area:
This operation's methodology can be found at:
Fields 10.6 to 17.2 of this document are considered to be the user-oriented quality report for this operation.
Quality assurance framework for the INE statistics is based on the ESSCoP, the European Statistics Code of Practice made by EUROSTAT. The ESSCoP is made up of 16 principles, gathered in three areas: Institutional Environment, Processes and Products. Each principle is associated with some indicators which make possible to measure it. In order to evaluate quality, EUROSTAT provides different tools: the indicators mentioned above, Self-assessment based on the DESAP model, peer review, user satisfaction surveys and other proceedings for evaluation.
The Population Figures are prepared using all available information on recent demographic developments, with its results being completely consistent with those provided by official statistics on demographic events, particularly, the Vital Statistics, Migration Statistics, Statistics on Acquisition of Spanish Citizenship of Residents released by INE.
Because Population Figures is a summary operation of various statistics (Migration Statistics, Vital Statistics and Statistics on Acquisition of Spanish Citizenship of Residents), its quality is dependent on the quality of these statistics, which include filtered and statistically-processed data.
In addition, coherence between all these statistics is guaranteed at the level of disaggregation published: sex, age, generation, citizenship and country of birth for the different territorial levels (national total, Autonomous Communities, provinces and islands).
Complete consistency is guaranteed between the Population Figures and figures provided by the 2011 Population and Housing Census and the Intercensal Population Estimates until 1 January 2012, as well as the figures on births, deaths, migrations and acquisitions of Spanish citizenship provided by the Vital Statistics, Migration Statistics and the Statistics on Acquisition of Spanish Citizenship of Residents, respectively.
The quality of this statistic is mainly derived from the quality of the statistics that it uses.
Together with the figures of successive population censuses carried out in Spain and those of the Intercensal Population Estimates that link these, these data make up the series of resident population figures in Spain, in each Autonomous Community and in each province. The first user of these is the national statistics system itself; more specifically, they are used by the INE as reference figures in all its statistical products (surveys, National Accounts, indicators, etc.). They are also available to all users who need to analyse the country's demographic development or, in turn, can be used for the production or analysis of other statistical information. In addition, these figures are used by international agencies as the official population of Spain for all purposes.
Municipal information is not available, the only municipal population data available is that of the resident population according to the Continuous Register Statistics.
The INE has carried out general user satisfaction surveys in 2007, 2010, 2013 and 2016 and it plans to continue doing so every three years. The purpose of these surveys is to find out what users think about the quality of the information of the INE statistics and the extent to which their needs of information are covered. In addition, additional surveys are carried out in order to acknowledge better other fields such as dissemination of the information, quality of some publications...
On the INE website, in its section Methods and Projects / Quality and Code of Practice / INE quality management / User surveys are available surveys conducted to date.(Click next link)
This operation provides all the information required by Regulation 1260/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council on European demographic statistics regarding the resident population figures.
The available obligatory results rate is, therefore, 100%.
There are no available accuracy measures for the results of this operation. However, this operation is prepared from information provided by the statistics of constantly occurring demographic events, so the accuracy of their results depends on the accuracy of the information sources used.
The main sources of error are described in the methodology sheets of the statistics that contribute to the Population Figures: Migration Statistics, Vital Statistics and Statistics on Acquisition of Spanish Citizenship of Residents.
Not applicable to this statistical operation, as this is a synthetic statistic prepared using other statistical sources and not a sample survey.
As this is a synthetic operation, based on the statistical processing of data from register sources (see section 18.1), this statistical operation's non-sampling errors are fundamentally due to:
- Possible register errors; an attempt is made to correct these through a filtering process.
- Possible lack of variable completion, for which an automatic imputation process is carried out.
- Possible lack of information at the time of the estimate due to registration delays, for which an estimate is carried out based on what was observed in previous periods.
The measurements of these errors are those described in the methodology sheets of the statistics that contribute to the Population Figures: Migration Statistics, Vital Statistics and Statistics on Acquisition of Spanish Citizenship of Residents.
These results are published biannually, referring to 1 January and 1 July of each year. Provisional results are released 6 months after the reference date of the data. Definitive data is released 12 months after the reference date.
This operation is released within the deadline set out in INE's structural statistics calendar.
The results are completely consistent between territories at all levels of disaggregation. In addition, they are calculated based on the definitions established in European Regulations 1260/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council on European demographic statistics and 862/2007 on migration statistics and international protection and supported by the United Nations, which favours their international comparability.
The Population Figures constitute the definitive series of resident population figures in Spain since 2012. For each year, data are provided to 1 January and 1 July, starting with 1 July 2012. In addition, the series of results links backwards to the Intercensal Population Estimates to 1 January 2012, and with the successive Population Censuses carried out in Spain.
The length of the series of comparable data published on Population Figures is, currently, 12 reference dates. If we take into account the total series of data on the resident population in Spain since 1971, the length of the series is 95. If we add the figures from Population Censuses before 1970 to this, the length of the series would be greater than 100.
The Population Figures are formed according to the concepts and definitions established by Eurostat in Regulation 1260/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council on European demographic statistics, which favours their international comparability.
The Population Figures, or an advance estimate of these if required by the calendar, are used in the INE for the generalisation of statistical production from sample surveys (calculation of elevation factors and calibrated), as well as the calculation of the most diverse statistical indicators that require population data and the National Accounts. They are, therefore, consistent with the data provided by these sources.
There is another main information source on the resident population in Spain, which is that provided by the Official Population Figures of the Spanish Municipalities, but their different purpose (to provide information on the population at the municipal level) and nature (purely administrative) means that they have different methodologies and, therefore, different results.
The data are completely consistent between territories and demographically.
This is a synthetic statistic, prepared using other sources. Therefore, it does not require the collaboration of respondent units and does not generate data collection costs.
The estimated budgetary appropriation needed to finance this statistic, as provided for in the 2018 Annual Programme of the 2017-2020 National Statistics Plan is 147.56 thousand Euros.
The INE of Spain has a policy which regulates the basic aspects of statistical data revision, seeking to ensure process transparency and product quality. This policy is laid out in the document approved by the INE board of directors on 13 March of 2015, which is available on the INE website, in the section "Methods and projects/Quality and Code of Practice/INE’s Quality management/INE’s Revision policy" (link).
This general policy sets the criteria that the different type of revisions should follow: routine revision- it is the case of statistics whose production process includes regular revisions-; more extensive revision- when methodological or basic reference source changes take place-; and exceptional revision- for instance, when an error appears in a published statistic-.
The reviews are dependent on the availability of new data for the reference date. The definitive results released 12 months after the reference date review those previously released as provisional (6 months after the reference date).
The provisional data for this operation, released six months after the reference date, are reviewed using the corresponding definitive data 12 months after the reference date.
This is a synthetic statistical operation, prepared using results from different sources. Specifically, the following sources are used:
- 2001-2011 Intercensal Population Estimates, as a starting point, from the 2011 Population and Housing Census.
- Vital Statistics, from the statistical processing of data from the Civil Register.
- Migration Statistics, from the statistical processing of changes in the Municipal Register.
- Acquisitions of Spanish citizenship, from the statistical processing of data from the Civil Registry.
Data are processed taking the starting point as this operation's results referring to 1 January of the last available year (results of the 2001-2011 Intercensal Population Estimates to 1 January 2012 are the original starting point) and from a record of demographic events that have occurred since that date.
Multiple coherence analyses of the evolution of resident population figures and of these compared to data from different demographic statistical sources are carried out.
The starting point is taken to be this operation's results to 1 January of the last available year (the original starting point are the results of the 2001-2011 Intercensal Population Estimates to 1 January 2012) and records are kept of demographic events that have occurred from this date between individuals of each generation of each population group considered.
No adjustment is carried out on the results obtained.