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Count of Aranda Census is considered to be the first modern census to be conducted in Europe. The genuine history of the Spanish population censuses begins in 1768, when the Count of Aranda gave specific orders to commence tasks aimed at establishing the "genuine population of this Monarchy" so as to promote useful ideas to the State, in terms of the sex and age of the population.

The execution of the Census ordered by the Count of Aranda was commissioned to the bishops who were given appropriate instructions to, through the parish priests of their different dioceses, collect the information required on the different locations in the areas in compliance with a single form.

In order to better study the data, the INE has reclassified information on villages, at source sorted by parish, sorting it in accordance with the current provincial partitioning, completing the statistical tables with current cartography.

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